异常表现

在使用 某些 MySQL 中间件时 (代理),如 MyCAT。 JPA 将抛出 java.sql.SQLException: Connection is read-only. Queries leading to data modification are not allowed 异常。

触发条件

  • Spring Boot 2.0
  • 使用 MySQL 中间件
  • JAP
  • 在直连 MySQL 时 没有任何异常,在使用中间件时出现异常

原因

参考:http://www.wangzhenhua.rocks/zh-hans/comment/336#comment-336

解决方案

方案1

(未验证,没理解原理)

参考:

MySQL 连接 添加参数 useLocalSessionState=true

方案2

绕过方案,禁掉 read only(可能存在性能问题),创建一个 MySQL Collection 的 代理,修改 setReadOnly 方法 ;并自定义 DriverManagerDataSource 数据源

创建 代理 Collection

package xxx;

import java.sql.Array;
import java.sql.Blob;
import java.sql.CallableStatement;
import java.sql.Clob;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DatabaseMetaData;
import java.sql.NClob;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.SQLClientInfoException;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.SQLWarning;
import java.sql.SQLXML;
import java.sql.Savepoint;
import java.sql.ShardingKey;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.Struct;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.concurrent.Executor;

/**
 * http://www.wangzhenhua.rocks/zh-hans/mycat-spring-data-jpa-read-transaction
 */
@SuppressWarnings("all")
public class SqlConnectionProxy implements Connection {
    private Connection innerConnection;

    public SqlConnectionProxy(Connection innerConnection) {
        this.innerConnection = innerConnection;
        try {
            this.innerConnection.setReadOnly(false);
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public <T> T unwrap(Class<T> iface) throws SQLException {
        return innerConnection.unwrap(iface);
    }

    public void setReadOnly(boolean readOnly) throws SQLException {
        innerConnection.setReadOnly(false);
    }
    // 其他方法代理 innerConnection ...
}

创建数据源

package xxx;

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.Driver;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.Properties;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource;

public class MyDataSource extends DriverManagerDataSource {
    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(MyDataSource.class);

    private Boolean enableSqlConnectionProxy;

    @Override
    protected Connection getConnectionFromDriverManager(String url, Properties props) throws SQLException {
        try {
            Class<?> clazz = Class.forName("com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver");
            Driver driver = (Driver) clazz.getDeclaredConstructor().newInstance();

            Connection c = driver.connect(url, props);
            if (enableSqlConnectionProxy != null && enableSqlConnectionProxy.booleanValue()) {
                return new SqlConnectionProxy(c);
            } else {
                return c;
            }
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InstantiationException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (SecurityException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public Boolean getEnableSqlConnectionProxy() {
        return enableSqlConnectionProxy;
    }

    public void setEnableSqlConnectionProxy(Boolean enableSqlConnectionProxy) {
        this.enableSqlConnectionProxy = enableSqlConnectionProxy;
    }
}

配置

spring:
    datasource:
        driver-class-name: null
        hikari:
            data-source-class-name: xxx.MyDataSource
            data-source-properties:
                url: xxx
                username: xxx
                password: xxx
                enableSqlConnectionProxy: true

创建 bean

package xxx;

import javax.sql.DataSource;

import com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariDataSource;

import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.ConditionalOnProperty;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceProperties;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;

@Configuration
public class CoreConfigurer {

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnProperty(
            prefix = "spring.datasource.hikari",
            name = "data-source-class-name",
            havingValue = "xxx.MyDataSource")
    @ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource.hikari")
    public DataSource dataSource(DataSourceProperties properties) {
        HikariDataSource dataSource = new HikariDataSource();
        if (StringUtils.hasText(properties.getName())) {
            dataSource.setPoolName(properties.getName());
        }
        return dataSource;
    }

}